Finally, the influence of deconstruction spread beyond the humanities and social sciences to the arts and architecture. The following entry discusses deconstruction theory as a method of critical analysis of philosophical and literary texts. Deconstruction (literature) synonyms, Deconstruction (literature) pronunciation, Deconstruction (literature) translation, English dictionary definition of Deconstruction (literature). Most generally, deconstruction joined with other strands of poststructural and postmodern thinking to inspire a suspicion of established intellectual categories and a skepticism about the possibility of objectivity. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. It is in the first instance a philosophical theory and a theory directed towards the (re)reading of philosophical writings. Some strands of feminist thinking engaged in a deconstruction of the opposition between “man” and “woman” and critiqued essentialist notions of gender and sexual identity. Its impact on literature, mediated in North America largely through the influences of theorists at Yale University, is based. Deconstruction: School of philosophy and literary criticism forged in the writings of the French philosopher Jacques Derrida and the Belgium/North American literary critic Paul De Man.Deconstruction can perhaps best be described as a theory of reading which aims … It seeks to find the differences, contradictions, paradoxes, ambiguity and disintegration (in short, loopholes) in the text. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. A brief, simplified explanation of Literary Deconstruction for a college course project. Deconstruction and some analogue of its operation are, however, today not confined to just the fields of literature and philosophy. Though Deconstruction is primarily understood as a theory of TEXTUALITY and as a method for reading texts, it constitutes for many a radically new way of seeing and knowing the world. In the United States, the Critical Legal Studies movement applied deconstruction to legal writing in an effort to reveal conflicts between principles and counterprinciples in legal theory. Deconstruction initially translates a term coined by the French philosopher (and arch-deconstructionist) Jacques Derrida. It is in the first instance a philosophical theory and a theory directed towards the (re)reading of philosophical writings. Deconstruction’s influence widened to include a variety of other disciplines. Black Friday Sale! Its apparently solid ground is no rock but thin air.”. Deconstruction is an apparent revolution against all the literary theories before itself which vouch for a unity in the literary texts. As J. Hillis Miller, the preeminent American deconstructionist, has explained in an essay entitled Stevens’ Rock and Criticism as Cure (1976), “Deconstruction is not a dismantling of the structure of a text, but a demonstration that it has already dismantled itself. Despite such attacks, deconstruction has had an enormous impact on a variety of intellectual enterprises. QUESTION. Undecidability, by contrast, is never reduced, let alone mastered in deconsctruction. According to deconstruction, literary texts resist any process of interpretation that would fix their meanings, appearing to ‘undo’ themselves as we try to tie them up. Formalist critics, such as the New Critics, assume that a work of literature is a freestanding, self-contained object whose meaning can be found in the complex network of relations between its parts (allusions, images, rhythms, sounds, etc.). Shift your focus a little, and you'll see the spaces between the frame's 'bones.' Combining deconstruction’s interest in tension and oppositions with the design vocabulary of Russian constructivism, deconstructivist architects such as Frank Gehry challenged the functionalist aesthetic of modern architecture through designs using radical geometries, irregular forms, and complex, dynamic constructions. By Nasrullah Mambrol on March 22, 2016 • ( 10 ), Deconstruction involves the close reading of texts in order to demonstrate that any given text has irreconcilably contradictory meanings, rather than being a unified, logical whole. Through deconstruction, Derrida aims to erase the boundary between binary oppositions—and to do so in such a way that the hierarchy implied by the oppositions is thrown into question. Derrida claimed that all of his essays were attempts to define what deconstruction is, and that deconstruction is necessarily complicated and difficult to explain since it actively criticises the very language needed to explain it. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. It owed its origins in part to the linguistic and other work of French philosophers and critics such as Ferdinand de Saussure, Michel Foucault, and Jacques Derrida. Lecturer in English PSC Solved Question Paper, Jacques Derrida: Transcendental Signified, Postmodernism – Literary Theory and Criticism Notes, Helene Cixous and Poststructuralist Feminist Theory – Literary Theory and Criticism Notes, Key Theories of Wayne C. Booth – Literary Theory and Criticism Notes, Key Theories of Jacques Derrida – Literary Theory and Criticism Notes, The Philosophy of Jacques Derrida | Literary Theory and Criticism, Understanding Postmodernism – Harsh Vardhan Maya, The Inequalities Beneath The Pandemic - African Feminism (AF), Response [Redux: The Skinny Legend]: South Korea and “All I Got Was This Lousy Eating Disorder” – Roll for Relapse. Arguing that identity is the product or result of action rather than the source of it, they embraced a performative concept of identity modeled on the way in which linguistic acts (such as promising) work to bring into being the entities (the promise) to which they refer. Deconstruction’s reception was coloured by its intellectual predecessors, most notably structuralism and New Criticism. Derrida challenged the conventional cultural markers of…. Others accused it of being ahistorical and apolitical. The work of Judith Butler, for example, challenged the claim that feminist politics requires a distinct identity for women. Formalists ultimately make sense of the ambiguities they find in a given text, arguing that every ambiguity serves a definite, meaningful, and demonstrable literary function. Similarly, deconstructionlooks at what makes a text whole and what holes are in between its piec… He also rejected the structuralist belief that texts have identifiable “centres” of meaning–a belief structuralists shared with formalists. Deconstructionism (or sometimes just Deconstruction) is a 20th Century school in philosophy initiated by Jacques Derrida in the 1960s. They generally examined the individual work not as a self-contained artifact but as a product of relations with other texts or discourses, literary and nonliterary. The resources are in a variety of formats: Websites, PDF, videos, PowerPoint, RSS feeds, Podcasts, etc. In all the fields it influenced, deconstruction called attention to rhetorical and performative aspects of language use, and it encouraged scholars to consider not only what a text says but also the relationship—and potential conflict—between what a text says and what it “does.” In various disciplines, deconstruction also prompted an exploration of fundamental oppositions and critical terms and a reexamination of ultimate goals. Deconstruction is a method of literary analysis that challenges our comfortable assumptions. Some philosophers, especially those in the Anglo-American tradition, dismissed it as obscurantist wordplay whose major claims, when intelligible, were either trivial or false. Derrida, in "Signature Event Context," addressed this limited view of post-structural theory: "Deconstruction cannot limit or proceed immediately to a neutralization: it must…practice an overturning of the classical opposition and a general displacement of the system.
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