The color tends to turn more red/purple with age. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Date added to priority list : 28/01/2014. Tree Size: 65-100 ft (20-30 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1.0 m) trunk diameter. The best form of the gum is generally considered to come from the var Myroxylon balsamum pereirae (see separate entry). (2013) árbol tolú I'm a woodworker in Costa Rica. Are Rosewoods (and Bubinga) really banned by CITES? Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. Common Uses: Flooring, furniture, interior trim, and heavy construction. pereirae (Royle) Harms Show All Show Tabs balsam of Peru Endgrain: Diffuse-porous; large pores in no specific arrangement, few; commonly in radial multiples of 2-3; reddish brown heartwood deposits common; growth rings usually indistinct, sometimes distinct due to discontinuous bands of marginal parenchyma; narrow rays not visible without lens, normal to fairly close spacing; parenchyma vasicentric and confluent. The plant is the only species within the genus Myroxylon; however, there are 2 varieties, var. Assuming someone were so inclined, would this wood be too dense to serve as a canoe paddle? with help from Serv. The record derives from ILDIS (data supplied on 2010-07-14 ) which reports it as an accepted name (record 7152 [ mirror ]). Good natural luster. Color/Appearance: There is a fair degree of color variation between boards of Santos Mahogany, ranging from a lighter golden brown to a darker purplish red or burgundy. Base. Comments: Despite its name, Santos Mahogany is not really related to true Mahogany (Swietenia genus), nor is it even in the Meliaceae family, as is the case with African Mahogany (Khaya genus) and Spanish Cedar (Cedrela odorata). Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. Trees from the Myroxylon genus are used to make Balsam of Peru, an ingredient used in perfumes. Workability: Santos Mahogany has a noticeable blunting effect on cutting edges. Myroxylon balsamum / Myroxylon pereirae. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. Common Name(s): Santos Mahogany, Cabreuva, Distribution: Southern Mexico and Central and South America, Tree Size: 65-100 ft (20-30 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1.0 m) trunk diameter, Average Dried Weight: 57 lbs/ft3 (915 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .74, .91, Modulus of Rupture: 21,570 lbf/in2 (148.7 MPa), Elastic Modulus: 2,380,000 lbf/in2 (16.41 GPa), Crushing Strength: 11,680 lbf/in2 (80.6 MPa), Shrinkage: Radial: 3.8%, Tangential: 6.2%, Volumetric: 10.0%, T/R Ratio: 1.6. http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336, http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home, http://www.winrock.org/fnrm/factnet/factnet.htm, http://www.ars-grin.gov/~sbmljw/cgi-bin/taxnodul.pl?language=en, http://ec.europa.eu/growth/tools-databases/cosing/, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Common Method of Extraction. The plant bears evergreen pinnate leaves and racemes of white flowers. FYI: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc. I've planted balsamo by the coast, and it does well, but all the large timbers I've bought came from over 4000' elevation. The database and code is licensed under a Aromatic Description. A previously recognized third variety, var. Myroxylon is a genus of tree grown in Central America (primarily in El Salvador) and South America. Thanks. Ken Fern, Myroxylon balsamum, Santos mahogany, or Peru balsam is a species of tree in the family Fabaceae.It is native to tropical forests from Southern Mexico through the Amazon regions of Peru and Brazil at elevations of 200–690 meters. balsamum, known as balsam of Peru and balsam of Tolu, respectively. Plant Family. Balsam. Staining or gluing can sometimes be problematic, though the wood finishes well. Res. Grain/Texture: Grain is usually interlocked, with a medium to fine texture. Present, we are buying balsamo, (myroxylon balsamum). Will it cause any allergic reaction if I live in a house with Santos Mahogany wood floors? Agr., Agr. Fabaceae. Pricing/Availability: Should be in the mid-range for an imported timber; comparing similarly to other exotic hardwoods used in flooring, such as Ipe. Perfumery Note. Santos Mahogany trees, sometimes called Balsamo, are used in the production of the substance called Balsam of Peru, used as a fragrance in perfumes. Myroxylon species Myroxylon balsamum Name Synonyms Myrospermum toluiferum DC. Strength of Initial Aroma. U.S. Dept.
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